Meetpal Kukal , PhD

Contact Information:
Chase Hall 105
Lincoln: East Campus
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Personal Links:
Personal website
Google Scholar profile

Post-Doctoral Research Associate
Academic Degrees
  • Ph.D. in Biological Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
  • M.S. in Agricultural and Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
  • B.Tech. in Agricultural Engineering, Punjab Agricultural University, India
Areas of Research and Professional Interest
  • Irrigation Science and Engineering

  • Soil Moisture and Plant Water Flux Sensing

  • Geospatial Applications in Agriculture and Natural Resource Management;

  • Crop Resource (Water, Light, Nitrogen) Use Efficiency

  • Climate/Environmental Impacts on Agricultural Productivity;

Honors and Awards


  • 2019 2nd place, ASABE-AABFEIO Graduate Student Research Paper Competition by AABFEIO-ASABE
  • 2019 Nominated for Outstanding Graduate Student Award by Gamma Sigma Delta International-Honor Society of Agriculture.
  • 2019 Outstanding Graduate Student Award by Gamma Sigma Delta-Honor Society of Agriculture: Nebraska Chapter.
  • 2018 Nebraska Section ASABE Outstanding Student Award (First time awarded to a graduate student) by ASABE Nebraska Section
  • 2018 Best Oral Presentation Award in the NRES Community in the AIM at Detroit, MI by ASABE.
  • 2018 Boyd-Scott Graduate Research Award by American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
  • 2018 1st Place, ASABE-AABFEIO Graduate Student Research Paper Competition by AABFEIO-ASABE
  • 2017 ASABE Educational Aids Blue Ribbon Award for the UNL Extension Circular EC3009 by ASABE.


  • 2018 Outstanding Graduate Research and Creative Activities Award by UNL Graduate Studies
  • 2018 Milton Mohr Graduate Fellowship by College of Engineering, UNL
  • 2018 Outstanding Graduate Research Assistant by College of Engineering, UNL
  • 2018 First Honors, College of Engineering Graduate Poster Competition by College of Engineering, UNL
  • 2018 Office of Graduate Studies Travel Grant by UNL Graduate Studies Office
  • 2018 College of Engineering Graduate Student Conference Travel Grant by College of Engineering, UNL.
  • 2017 Hardin Distinguished Graduate Fellowship by College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources of the UNL
  • 2017 Bill A. and Rita L. Stout Outstanding International Graduate Student Award by BSE Department, UNL
  • 2016 Farmers’ National Fellowship by College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources of the UNL
  • 2015 Widaman Distinguished Graduate Assistant Award by College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources of the UNL
  • 2015 David H. and Anne E. Larrick Memorial Travel Fellowship Award by Agricultural Research Division, UNL.
  • 2014 Milton Mohr Fellowship by College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources of the UNL
  • 2009-2013 University Merit Scholarship by Punjab Agricultural University
  • 2013 First Rank in Department of Soil and Water Engineering, Punjab Agricultural University.

Selected Publications
  • Kukal, M.S. and Irmak, S., Irrigation-Limited Yield Gaps: Trends and Variability in the United States Post- 1950, Environmental Research Communications. 2019, 1 061005.

  • Kukal, M.S. and Irmak, S., Comparative Canopy Growth Dynamics in Four Row Crops and Their Empirical Relationships with Allometric and Environmental Determinants. Agronomy Journal, 2019. doi:10.2134/agronj2019.01.0017.

  • Irmak, S., Kukal, M.S., Mohammed, A.T., and Djaman, K., Disk-Till vs. No-Till Maize: Evapotranspiration, Microclimate, Grain Yield, Production Functions and Water Productivity, Agricultural Water Management 216, 177-195 2019.

  • Kukal, M.S. and Irmak, S., U.S. Agro-Climate in 20th Century: Growing Degree Days, First and Last Frost, Growing Season Length, and Impacts on Crop Yields, Nature Scientific Reports, 2019. 8, 6977.

  • Kukal, M.S. and Irmak, S., Climate-Driven Crop Yield and Yield Variability and Climate Change Impacts on The U.S. Great Plains Agricultural Production, Nature Scientific Reports, 2018. 8, 3450.

  • Kukal, M.S. and Irmak, S., Spatial and Temporal Changes in Maize and Soybean Grain Yield, Precipitation Use Efficiency, and Crop Water Productivity in the U.S. Great Plains, Transactions of the ASABE, 2017. 60(4), 1189-1208. 

  • Kukal, M.S., Irmak, S. and Kilic, A., Long-Term Spatial and Temporal Maize and Soybean Evapotranspiration Trends Derived from Ground-Based and Satellite- Based Datasets over the Great Plains, Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 2017. 143(9), 04017031.

  • Kukal, M.S. and Irmak, S., Long-Term Patterns of Air Temperatures, Daily TemperatureRange, Precipitation, Grass- Reference Evapotranspiration and Aridity Index in the USA Great Plains: Part II. Temporal Trends, Journal of Hydrology, 2016. 542, 978-1001.

  • Kukal, M.S. and Irmak, S., Long-Term Patterns of Air Temperatures, Daily Temperature Range, Precipitation, Grass- Reference Evapotranspiration and Aridity Index in the USA Great Plains: Part I. Spatial Trends, Journal of Hydrology, 2016. 542, 953-977.

  • Dhaliwal, G. S., Gupta, N., Kukal, S. S. and Meetpal Singh, Standardization of Automated Vario EL III CHNS Analyzer for Total Carbon and Nitrogen Determination in Plants, Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 2014. 45(10), 1316- 1324.